Fernandez Classification of Distal Radius Fractures

Fernandez Classification
1 Bending One cortex of the metaphysis fails due to tensile stress (Colles and Smith fractures), and the opposite cortex undergoes some comminution.
2 Shearing Fracture of the joint surface: Barton's; reversed Barton's styloid process fracture, simple articular fracture.
3 Compression Fracture of the surface of the joint with impaction of subchondral and metaphyseal bone (die-punch); intraarticular comminuted fracture.
4 Avulsion Fracture of the ligament attachments to ulnar and radial styloid process; radiocarpal fracture-dislocation.
5 Combinations Combination of types; High energy injuries.
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